# The @Author keyword

The @Author keyword is used give the name of the person who wrote the mfront file.

All the following words are appended to the author’s name up to a final semi-colon.

Note: The name of the person who formulated the material property, behaviour or model shall be given in the description section (see the @Description keyword).

## Example

@Author Éric Brunon;

# The @Bounds keyword

The @Bounds keyword let the user define the domain of validity of the law.

The @Bounds keyword is followed by a variable name, the keyword in and an interval. The interval may contain the infinity, represented by the ’*’ character.

## Effect

What happens if a variable if found to be out of its bounds depends on the interface used. Most interfaces let the user choose one of three following policies:

• None, which means that nothing is done.
• Warning, which means that a message is displayed, but computations are not stopped.
• Strict, which means that computations are stopped with an error message.

## Example

@Bounds T in [293.15:873.15];

# The @ConstantMaterialProperty keyword

The @ConstantMaterialPropery let the user define a specific kind of input to a model which is meant to be constant and uniform during the computations. This allows the interfaces to optimize the generated code. This keyword is followed by the names of the material properties. Those names must be valid C++ identifiers.

The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## External name

It is recommended to associate to a constant material property a glossary or an entry name through the methods setGlossaryName or setEntryName respectively.

## Example

@ConstantMaterialProperty E;
E.setEntryName("EnergyReleasedByFission");

# The @Date keyword

The @Date keyword allows the user to precise when the mfront file was written.

All the following words are appended to the date up to a final semi-colon.

## Example

@Date 2008-11-17;

# The @Description keyword

The @Description describes the material property, behaviour or model which is implemented in a mfront file.

This keyword is followed by a block containing all the relevant piece of information including:

• the references of the article or technical report from which the material property, behaviour or model is extracted
• the name of the authors

## Example

@Description
{
Corrélation établie sur la nuance V-4Cr-4Ti.

Propriétés extraites du document :

Propriétés et comportement mécanique d alliages

Marion Le Flem, Jean-Luc Bechade, Annick Bougault,
Aurore Michaux, Lionel Gosmain, Jean-Louis Seran
DMN/SRMA/LA2M/NT/2008-2967/A
}

# The @Domain keyword

The @Domain let the user define the default domain on which a model shall be applied. This keyword is followed by the name of the domain.

This keyword is deprecated as domains shall be explicitely specified by specialisation.

## Example

@Domain "Fuel";

# The @Domains keyword

The @Domains let the user define the default domains on which a model shall be applied. This keyword is followed by an array of strings.

This keyword is deprecated as domains shall be explicitely specified by specialisation.

## Example

@Domains {"MATRIX","CLADDING"};

# The @Function keyword

The @Function keyword defines a computational part of the model. This keyword is followed by a string defining the name of this part of the computation.

## Example

@Function compute
{
const real coef1 = 8.e-3;
const real coef2 = 4.e-2;
const real p_    = 0.5*(p+p_1);
s = s_1 + coef1*exp(coef2-p_)*(Bu-Bu_1);
} // end of function compute

# The @GlobalParameter keyword

The @GlobalParameter keyword let the user defines model parameters. This keyword is followed by the type and the names of the parameters, separated by commas. The names of the variables must be valid C++ identifiers.

The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## Default values

The user may attribute a default value to a global parameter through the setDefaultValue method.

## Example

@GlobalParameter real a;
a.setDefaultValue(1.23);

# The @Import keyword

The @Import keyword allows the inclusion of one or several (external) mfront files. This keyword is followed by a string or an array of strings. Each string stands for a mfront file name that is meant to be imported.

This instruction interrupts the treatment of the current file and starts the sequential treatment of each file to be imported.

## Search paths

Files to be imported are searched, in that order:

• starting from the current directory.
• starting from directories specified with one of the --search-path or the --include (-I) mfront’ command line options.
• staring from directories specified through the MFRONT_INCLUDE_PATH environment variable.

## Example

@Import "SlidingSystemsCC.mfront";

# The @Includes keyword

The @Includes introduces a block were the user may define some preprocessor directives, typically #include directives (hence the name).

## Example

@Includes{
#include<fstream>
}

# The @Input keyword

The @Input keyword specifies one or several inputs of a material law. This keyword is followed by the names of the inputs, separated by commas.

The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## Variable depth

The depth of a variable is the number of preceedings values of this variable needed to perform the computations. A depth of $$0$$ means that only the value at the end of the time step is required. A depth of $$1$$ means that we need the value of the variable a the end of the time step and the value at the beginning of the time step.

The depth of a variable is set using the setDepth method.

If p is the variable of interest, p is its value at the end of the time step, p_1 is the value at the beginning of the time step.

## External name

It is recommended to associate to an input a glossary or an entry name through the methods setGlossaryName or setEntryName respectively.

## Example

@Input T,p;
T.setGlossaryName("Temperature");
p.setGlossaryName("Porosity");
// we need the value at the end of the time step and the value at the
// beginning at the time step
p.setGlossaryName("Porosity");

# The @LocalParameter keyword

The @LocalParameter keyword let the user defines specialisation parameters. This keyword is followed by the type and the names of the parameters, separated by commas. The names of the variables must be valid C++ identifiers.

The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## Default values

The user may attribute a default value to a local parameter through the setDefaultValue method.

## Example

@LocalParameter real a;
a.setDefaultValue(1.23);

# The @Material keyword

The @Material keyword let the user specify which material is treated by the current file. This keyword is followed by the name of the material.

This name must be a valid C++ identifier. The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## Example

@Material UO2;

# The @MaterialLaw keyword

The @MaterialLaw keyword imports the definition of a material law defined in a mfront file and compiles, as part of the current library, an function using the mfront interface. This function is available in every standard code blocks.

The @MaterialLaw keyword is followed by a string or an array of string identifying mfront files.

## Search paths

Files to be imported are searched, in that order:

• starting from the current directory.
• starting from directories specified with one of the --search-path or the --include (-I) mfront’ command line options.
• staring from directories specified through the MFRONT_INCLUDE_PATH environment variable.

## Note

The mfront interface has been created to avoid names conflict.

For internal reasons, mfront reports the creation of an auxiliary library which is of no use.

## Example

@MaterialLaw "UO2_YoungModulus.mfront";

# The @Model keyword

The @Model defines the name of the model. The name must be a valid C++ class name.

The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## Example

@Model SolidSwelling;

# The @Output keyword

The @Output keyword specifies one or several outputs of a material law. This keyword is followed by the names of the outputs, separated by commas.

The following characters are legal as the first character of an identifier, or any subsequent character:

_ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The following characters are legal as any character in an identifier except the first:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

## Variable depth

The depth of a variable is the number of preceedings values of this variable needed to perform the computations. A depth of $$0$$ means that only the value at the end of the time step is required. A depth of $$1$$ means that we need the value of the variable a the end of the time step and the value at the beginning of the time step.

The depth of a variable is set using the setDepth method.

If p is the variable of interest, p is its value at the end of the time step, p_1 is the value at the beginning of the time step.

## External name

It is recommended to associate to an output a glossary or an entry name through the methods setGlossaryName or setEntryName respectively.

## Example

@Output T,p;
T.setGlossaryName("Temperature");
p.setGlossaryName("Porosity");

# The @Parser keyword

The @Paser keyword is a deprecated synonymous of @DSL.

# The @PhysicalBounds keyword

The @PhysicalBounds keyword let the use define the physical domain of a variable.

The @PhysicalBounds keyword is followed by a variable name, the keyword in and an interval. The interval may contain the infinity, represented by the ’*’ character.

## Effect

In implicit schemes, if physical bounds are set on a integration variable, this variable is bounded to satisfy them during the internal iterations.

If a variable is found to be out of its physical bounds, the computations are stopped. The tests are performed at different stages of the integration depending on the nature of the variable.

## Example

// a temperature (in Kelvin) can't be negative
@Bounds T in [0:*[;

# The @StaticVar keyword

The @StaticVar keyword is a deprecated synonymous of @StaticVariable.

# The @StaticVariable keyword

The @StaticVariable keyword let the user define a constant value. Unlike parameters (see the @Parameter keyword), static variables’ values can’t be changed after compilation.

This keyword must be followed by the type of the constant, its name, an equal sign and its value.

## Example

@StaticVariable real A = 1.234e56;